A relational database is a type of database. It uses a structure that allows us to identify and access data in relation to another piece of data in the database. Often, data in a relational database is organized into tables. There are most popular of them — SQL Server, PostgreSQL, MariaDB, MySQL, SQLite, Oracle, etc.
A NoSQL (originally referring to "non-SQL" or "non-relational") database provides a mechanism for storage and retrieval of data that is modeled in means other than the tabular relations used in relational databases. Talking about NoSQL DB is nice to know about CAP/PACELC, Key-value, document-oriented, column-oriented, map-reduce, graph-db, real-time, multi-model. The are plenty of NoSQL DBs and management systems: MongoDB, Redis, LiteDB, Apache Cassandra, RavenDB, CouchDB, etc.
ORMs stand for Object-Relational mapping, most popular are — Hibernate, Eclipse Link, Apache OpenJPA, etc. But happens that engineers don't use ORMs but use instead of that query builder. Data Persistence is a means for an application to persist and retrieve information from a non-volatile storage system. There are many ways to make data persist in Java.
A cloud database is a database that typically runs on a cloud computing platform and access to the database is provided as-a-service. Depends of the cloud could be different databases: Azure CosmosDB, Amazon DynamoDB etc.
A powerful search engine behind your database helps the customers in better finding. Here is nice to know ElasticSearch, Solr, Lucene, Indexing/Tokenization, Indexes, Ranking, Heavy Load, etc.
Set of properties that a database transaction in a relational database is supposed to have (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability)
A transaction can be defined as a group of tasks. A single task is the minimum processing unit which cannot be divided further.
The N+1 query problem happens when your code executes N additional query statements to fetch the same data that could have been retrieved when executing the primary query.
Database normalization is the process of structuring a database, usually a relational database, in accordance with a series of so-called normal forms in order to reduce data redundancy and improve data integrity. It was first proposed by Edgar F. Codd as part of his relational model.
A database index is a data structure that improves the speed of data retrieval operations on a database table at the cost of additional writes and storage space to maintain the index data structure.
This skill is nice to have while working with high-loaded RDBMS. DB design means you know how to read, write optimizations, aware of Scalability, partitioning replication, indexing, and other stuff.
The rich text element allows you to create and format headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, images, and video all in one place instead of having to add and format them individually. Just double-click and easily create content.
A rich text element can be used with static or dynamic content. For static content, just drop it into any page and begin editing. For dynamic content, add a rich text field to any collection and then connect a rich text element to that field in the settings panel. Voila!
Headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, figures, images, and figure captions can all be styled after a class is added to the rich text element using the "When inside of" nested selector system.