CI and CD are two acronyms frequently used in modern development practices and DevOps. CI stands for continuous integration, a fundamental DevOps best practice where developers frequently merge code changes into a central repository where automated builds and tests run. But CD can either mean continuous delivery or continuous deployment.

Includes knowledge areas

GitHub Actions

GitHub Actions is an API for cause and effect on GitHub: orchestrate any workflow, based on any event, while GitHub manages the execution, provides rich feedback, and secures every step along the way. With GitHub Actions, workflows and steps are just code in a repository, so you can create, share, reuse, and fork your software development practices.

GitLab Pipelines

Pipelines are the top-level component of continuous integration, delivery, and deployment. Pipelines are the fundamental building blocks for CI/CD in GitLab.


Jenkins – an open source automation server which enables developers around the world to reliably build, test, and deploy their software.


TeamCity is a Java based CI server by JetBrains. Being a commercial tool, it is licensed under a freemium license (up to 100 build configurations and 3 build agents)

Travis CI

Travis CI was the first CI as a Service tool. It introduced a new approach to building code in the cloud. This CI tool allows the user to sign up, link their repository, build, as well as test their apps.

BitBucket Pipelines

Bitbucket Pipelines is CI/CD for Bitbucket Cloud that’s integrated in the UI and sits alongside your repositories, making it easy for teams to get up and running building, testing, and deploying their code.

Azure DevOps

Azure DevOps is a powerful tool to organize development tasks of an any project. In addition, there is the pipeline tool available, which allows you to build continuous integration and continuous delivery pipelines.


CircleCI is the continuous integration & delivery platform that helps the development teams to release code rapidly and automate the build, test, and deploy. CircleCI can be configured to run very complex pipelines efficiently with caching, docker layer caching, resource classes and many more.


Bamboo is an automation server used for Continuous Integration. Developed by Atlassian in 2007, this tool allows the developers to automatically build, document, integrate, test the source code and prepare an app for deployment.


Visual Studio Team System (VSTS) is an integrated development environment (IDE) developed as a software product by Microsoft Corp. to facilitate software project creation, development and management.

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Static and dynamic content editing

A rich text element can be used with static or dynamic content. For static content, just drop it into any page and begin editing. For dynamic content, add a rich text field to any collection and then connect a rich text element to that field in the settings panel. Voila!

How to customize formatting for each rich text

Headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, figures, images, and figure captions can all be styled after a class is added to the rich text element using the "When inside of" nested selector system.